How are area rugs made

If you didn’t know, an “area rug” is a medium-sized rug. It has its purpose, of course, and the purpose is to delineate a section of the room in which particular activities take place. An area rug can also be a variety of shapes: rectangular, oval, square round or even free-form. An area rug is a decoration, but it is also artistic expression, protection against the cold of the floors, and a place where our children like to sit and play with toys. And history has not brought much change. Its function has always been to protect against low temperatures and dust, but also aesthetically pleasing, artistic and decorative. There are area rugs for the kitchen, living room, kids room, hallway, bathroom, etc.

The quality of the area rug itself, in addition to the quality of the raw material, is influenced by the method of manufacture. The best and most expensive ones are, of course, hand-knotted area rugs, followed by hand-tufted or machine-woven area rugs.

Rugs through history

Many civilizations have contributed to the production of rugs. Persian rugs are the pinnacle of artistic expression and have been made for over 2500 years. The first documented evidence of the existence of Persian rugs comes from Chinese texts describing rugs from the Sasanid dynasty (224–641). Persian rugs belong to the group of Oriental rugs and are their most significant and high-quality representatives. Among the most famous rug manufacturers in the world are considered masters of this craft, who come from Turkey, more specifically from Anatolia. It is assumed that they came from Turkey and arrived in Europe through Venice in the sixteenth century. The Central Asian region is at the top of the global rug industry. Afghanistan, Turkistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia are countries with a history of rug making over 2000 years. The first rugs made in India date back to the reign of the Mogul dynasty (1556-1602) in the cities of Agra, Sikri, and Lahore. Initially, under the influence of Persian rugs, they very quickly manage to produce rugs with authentic designs and craftsmanship that are still applicable today.

In China, we have several major rug manufacturing centers that are known worldwide. Beijing, Tientsin, Suiyan, and Kansu are just some of the cities where the rug-making tradition has been around for hundreds of years. Depending on the town or region, different art motifs are also used in rug making. King Henry VI of France launched the rug manufacturing initiative in 1608. Simon Lurdet has been appointed director of the newly established factory, which is soon moving to western Paris at the Savoneri factory. The most famous specimens from this factory, 105 pieces, never arrived in the Louvre but were forwarded to the Palace of Versailles. Navaho rugs in a unique way, more than 300 years, reflect the culture and tradition of this Native American tribe from today’s southern U.S. border.

Area rugs making methods

Each area rug is of complex construction and consists of two layers. The first layer is the surface layer, the one we are stepping on. The second layer is under the first layer, which is the base to which the loops of the original tread are tied. Area rugs can be made by machine or handmade. When it comes to machining, most area rugs are made in Europe and America.

Area rugs made by machine

The most popular method of machine weaving is the so-called Wilton weaving – a face-to-face weaving technique. This method can weave area rugs at high speed and in many different patterns. All production is monitored by computer. The most common materials used in weaving area rugs are wool and polypropylene. Wool is mostly coming from New Zealand because, although it is more expensive, it provides the most beautiful dyeing and is of the most exceptional quality. Area rugs made of polypropylene are made from different types of raw material. They are easy to manufacture and are cheaper. However, machine production is foremost when it comes to precision workmanship, ease of maintenance, antistatic, the ability to make patterns, dimensions, and shapes as desired. In a short time, you can transfer the desired interior motif to the area of the living room, bedroom, or children’s room, and thus integrate the floor surface with other elements of the room. The uniqueness achieved by this choice is the added value offered by machine-made area rugs.

Handmade area rug

Handmade area rugs are usually the most expensive ones, with the highest production being made in India, China, and the Middle East, where labor costs are low. There are several types of handmade area rugs.

Hand-knotted area rugs have been known since ancient times, and this technique was developed in Persia during the Bronze Age. Each knot is woven manually into the base, so there are so-called—the Persian and Turkish knots. The manufacturing process is slower, and rugs are more expensive than those that are machine-woven. Hand-knotted area rugs are made mainly of wool and silk, are hand-dyed, and styles and designs depending on the region where they are made.

Hand-tufted area rugs are made in India and China from wool and viscose and represent the fastest form of production of handmade area rugs. This is how popular shaggy area rugs are made, produced by woven yarn into the base with a handgun. After weaving, a layer of backing is applied, and then the face of area rugs is carved by hand to achieve texture, depth, and dimension.

Area rugs from manual rifts are produced mostly in the Far East. They are made of wool on a handloom, which is controlled by the arms and legs.

For the end

Area rugs can be made from many different materials, but look for what area rug material is best for meeting all your needs. Remember to maintain your area rugs properly in accordance with the material from which it is made. We hope you know how to clean your area rugs properly and in detail.


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