Lighting is an important aspect and one of the crucial elements of decorating any interior. Natural light, electric lighting and interior colours are three distinctly connected elements. Therefore, it is essential to fit them properly to form a functional and aesthetically pleasing whole, and if you want to make your kitchen cozy. Quality light is especially important in the kitchen, as the kitchen is usually dimly lit by natural light. Also, in the kitchen, there is generally only one central lighting installed. Hence, it is often necessary to install additional light above the most commonly used vital elements, such as the sink. This light can also be so-called a “night light” and would illuminate the kitchen well enough when you want to visit the fridge at night.
Although most often the best choice is ceiling light, sometimes because of the design of the kitchen or for some other reason, we have to choose to mount the light to the wall above the sink. You have the opportunity to choose from different combinations of lamps, depending on the need, the design of the kitchen and of course, the money you are willing to set aside for it. Most commonly used are ordinary (incandescent) lamps, whose production has been discontinued in some countries, fluorescent lights and LED bulbs.
Let’s start with lamps with ordinary bulbs. They are the cheapest, easy to install, functional, and easy to maintain. Still, they are not the most economical choice because they consume the most electricity out of all the options offered. They are not an eco-friendly solution either because of the already high consumption and the most expensive and complicated recycling process. If you insist on this choice, you have the choice of many options. They are most commonly produced in 40, 60 and 100W power variants. They emit light with a yellowish colour, usually at about 2700K, and compose mostly 16lm of light per watt of energy consumed. The average working life is about 1000h.
A lamp with an incandescent bulb would be most appropriate for a classic or rustic interior or a retro-style kitchen. If there is a direct electrical installation through the wall, the power cord can be hidden, which is more efficient and of course, aesthetically elegant solution. If not, it is assumed that there is an electrical outlet on the wall near the lamp itself. The switch can be on the wall or on the lamp itself. The optimum lamp height should be about 30 to 40 inches above the head so that too much light does not interfere with washing, cleaning and preparation. Also, it is not recommended to have a bulb stronger than 60W power, that would be too much. The material, the shape of the lamp and its lampshade will be chosen according to your wishes and needs. However, the most common are simple kitchen lamps, with a lampshade that will best direct the light where needed and at the same time, protect the user from direct light that could interfere with work. It should be noted that these lamps can be very hot, and this should be taken into consideration when choosing the right choice.
The most common choice in kitchens is fluorescent lamps, that is, one of their variants – CFL (compact fluorescent lamp). They are also called “energy-saving or Eco lamps” because, as the name implies, they are much more economical than conventional lights. They have a longer life span, but their price is much higher. From an environmental point of view, it is essential to know that the amount of mercury released from broken CFL bulbs far exceeds U.S. standards. EPA, so you should always make sure they are adequately recycled after use. They emit a pure white light of about 3500K, although they are less likely to be found in other colours, and their power usually varies from 6-48W, and 48W equals 100W of a regular light bulb. They produce 60lm / W of light. They come in many variants, and it is common for them to be threaded like a regular bulb so that they can be replaced more easily. Usually, these lamps can be seen in the kitchen, with transparent or slightly blurred glass or transparent plastic as lampshades.
If you want to replace fluorescent light in the kitchen you can find LED bulbs in a wide variety of colours, power, accessories, according to personal preference and purpose. They are the most efficient (produce the most light per unit of power), much more economical than the previous two, even more than 80% than ordinary, so 2 LEDs are enough to replace a single indicator light of 100W, and again it will consume less electricity. They are manufactured mainly in the range of 4 to 18W. Due to the different construction than ordinary bulbs, and depending on the type, LED light can emit a wide variety of the kinds of light – only white, monochrome, or even every single different colour light bulb. The spectrum of the temperature of light ranges from 2700 to 7000 kelvins.
The boxes that house the LED bulbs are made with a thread that is standard for classic bulbs to be able to replace. It is covered with plain glass or clear plastic, up to expensive lamps that can even fit into a more aesthetically pleasing environment. Due to a design that allows them to be made in also minimal dimensions, the LED can be placed on the printed circuit board and mounted on the wall as desired, which can be used in creative and useful ways. It is possible to glue the wall above the sink in the desired shape, and when turned on, it will look very nice. Due to its small size, it won’t take up too much space. It is possible to buy ready-made lamps and strips with LED light, and it is possible to buy the required material and DIY. Some options include a switch to manipulate the power and light levels, the remote control, etc.
If the construction of the wall allows, you can install miniature lamps that will have LEDs, and your own need best determines their number. The wall-to-door switch or the wall where the light is located are different solutions. Due to the low power consumption, size and compactness of the LED itself, and it is even possible to buy mobile mini-lamps that have a self-adhesive layer on the back and can be glued to the wall above the sink. They do not even need a direct connection, because their power consumption requires only a couple of AA or AAA batteries!
Also, flush mount kitchen lighting is always a good idea due to various choices on the market nowadays.
Now that you know what variants of lights you can combine on the wall above the sink in your kitchen, we hope this guide will make it easier for you to make the final choice.