It doesn’t matter if you are a chef or want to prepare dinner for your friends, clean and tidy utensils sets are one of the best indicators of how much you value your guests and yourself. Therefore, it is understood that the tools must always be clean, shiny, disinfected, in the best possible condition. Later in the article, you can see how to clean and disinfect the kitchen utensils you use every day or how to restore the old shine to a family silver set that has been kept in the cabinet for years. There are many types and parts of utensils, made of different quality and materials, which require different types of maintenance.
Nowadays, the utensils are mostly cleaned by the machine. Because of the quality of the washing, the machine must be well prepared, the salt chamber must be filled, filters should be very clean, you should use high-quality detergent, washing items must be cleaned from significant residues of food. Some items made of wood, plastic, porcelain, metals or other specific material must be maintained by hand to avoid damage the material from which they are made and to remain in perfect condition for as long as possible.
For example, it is not advisable to wash wooden cutting boards in the dishwasher at all, as they are usually glued and, if exposed to hot water, will probably crack and fall apart as well as wooden beetles or kettles.
Metal forks and knives with a wooden handle it would be better if it is washed by hand, with a sponge and hand-washing detergent to prevent damage to the coating material. It is the same with plastic / acrylic dishes and accessories, such as spatula, spoon or food box. Especially if they are made of low quality plastic. When washing in a dishwasher, there is a possibility that it will be damaged to such an extent that it is deformed and unusable. Metal utensils made of common metals such as steel, iron, brass, can be washed in the machine. But care must be taken to wipe them off with a dry cloth at the end. It will help if your utensils such as a renderer, strainer or salad bowl are sprayed with water before placing it in the machine, as food residues are more likely to become trapped and not washed properly. Blades/knives of any kind should never be washed in a dishwasher. It can leave stains, and it can become dull after a while.
Utensils such as a silver set we mentioned above in the article, Teflon-coated aluminium pans, a copper jar, or a hand-painted porcelain dining set, require careful manual maintenance. Machine washing, due to the aggressive influence of hot water, can change the colour of silver or copper, damage the Teflon coating on pans, or fade patterns on porcelain plates. It would help if you clean the silver cup after each use with water and mild detergent to avoid staining and discolouration, if we are talking about cleaning silver, which has changed colour over time, from poor maintenance or exposure to heat/cold, etc.
Various tricks can make maintenance easier for you. For example, you can fill one bowl with lukewarm water and vinegar and soak the cup in it for 20-30 minutes, gently rubbing it with a cotton swab or toothbrush, which is especially helpful to reach hard-to-reach parts and decorative sarees. After that, put it in warm water for a short time, and dry it thoroughly with a towel. The stains will disappear, and your silver will be great again. However, it should be noted that the vinegar is potent and can damage the silver. Another of the many tricks is the one with lemon and baking soda – rub the utensil with a slice of lemon and then dip it in water in which the baking soda is smeared. Take it out after a while and gently rub it with a towel or cloth and you will see that your silver will look like new.
Teflon pans are especially sensitive because they are coated with a special coating, so chemically aggressive detergent and a strong stream of water in the machine is their biggest maintenance enemies. In the case of tainted food residues on a Teflon pan, you can use the trick with vinegar and water – to soak up the Teflon pan which has burned bottom in a ratio of 1: 2 in a solution of water and vinegar. Wait a while for the burnt residues to dissolve and soften, then remove the excess with a detergent and a soft sponge or cloth and then rinse with lukewarm water. Never use a wire or hard sponge to scrub a Teflon bowl. It can be damaged, rendered useless, and even detrimental to your health.
Copper escalates quickly darken and get pinkish green spots. It is usually cleaned and washed with lukewarm water with a little detergent, then rubbed and then dried with a soft cloth.
Most earthenware clay pots are only washed with warm water unless otherwise noted. To ensure that your cookware has a longer lifespan, you can coat it with linseed oil on the inside before first use.
Porcelain utensils must be hand-washed, as they are fragile and usually painted with hand-painted sheds, sometimes even gilded. Therefore, it is best to wash it with a solution of borax in a litre of warm water, impurities will be removed and patterns on the porcelain will look like new.
Each type of utensil requires special care when cleaning, but also when disposing of. Nylon and silicone utensils may be very easy to clean and sanitize. Before every dishwashing, you should make sure you have everything you need for it – a detergent that, if possible, has antibacterial and disinfectant properties, a clean sponge, cleaning brush, and several types of clean cloths. No one likes to do the dishes, but a spotlessly clean utensil is a trademark of every housewife. Therefore, it is important to have a well-developed routine for maintaining it effectively.
Make sure to clean your utensils after each use in the manner prescribed for the particular type. Take care of your health and the food you prepare.